A paring knife has a plain edge blade that is ideal for peeling and other small or intricate work (such as deveining a shrimp, removing the seeds from a jalapeno, or cutting small garnishes). It is designed to be an all-purpose knife, similar to a chef's knife, except smaller.
A utility knife is a medium size knife that can be used for a myriad of tasks (although many chefs will claim that a cook with a chef's knife and a paring knife can achieve these tasks just as well). Utility knives can either have a plain edge blade or a serrated blade, some of which are considered tomato knives. Serrated Blade knives have a saw-like blade. Serrations make knives ideal for cutting things that are hard on the outside and soft on the inside (such as bread or tomatoes). Such foods might otherwise be squished by a knife with a plain edge blade. However, serrated knives should not be used for everything as they essentially cut by tearing the food.
A carving knife is used to carve poultry, roasts, hams, and other large cooked meats. A carving knife is much thinner than a chef's knife (particularly at the spine) and they are generally shorter and wider than slicers, enabling them to make thin precise slices.
The chef's knife is an all-purpose knife used for slicing, chopping, dicing, mincing, and many other functions. The blade is curved to allow the cook to rock the knife on the cutting board for a more precise cut.
Bread knives are a type of serrated knife, though unlike other serrated knives they are often simply called a Serrated Knife. Bread knives are usually between 6 and 10 inches, with 8 inches being a common length. The serrations on the blade make it ideal for cutting bread (and other things that are hard on the outside and soft on the inside).
A santoku knife is often called an Asian chef's knife. They have a straighter edge than a chef's knife, and a more rounded spine, particularly near the point. They are also generally lighter and thinner, allowing them to more easily chop vegetables.The Hollow Edge has a number of hollow ovals ground into one or both sides of the blade. This helps to prevent food from sticking to the blade and helps the knife cut more efficiently.
A Steel is used to hone a knife blade after sharpening or to reinvigorate a blade and extend the life of the last sharpening
Shears are essentially kitchen scissors, though they can be used for many of the same jobs as knives, such as chopping herbs.
A steak knife is used at the table (as opposed to the kitchen) to cut through especially tough foods, such as meat. It is somewhat like a serrated utility knife, though its purpose is different.
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